Elfrida Andrée was born in Visby, Sweden. She and her older sister, Fredrika, were given their first music lessons by their father. She attended the Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm where she studied both organ and composition, and later studied in Copenhagen. She worked as an organist in Stockholm from 1861 to 1867, after which she became music director and organist in Gšteborg, where she remained for the rest of her career. Elected to the Swedish Academy of Music in 1879, she composed over 100 works, including Tva Romanser for violin and piano ,Sonata for Violin and Piano in B-flat, Sonata for Violin and Piano in E-flat and String Quartet in A.