Ingeborg von Bronsart
Ingeborg [Lena] Bronsart von Schellendorf was born in St. Petersburg. A virtuoso pianist, she became perhaps the most noted woman composer in Germany during the second half of the 19th century. By the age of thirteen she had composed three Žtudes, a tarentella, and a nocturne. Within a few years, she turned to larger forms of composition for piano. Bronsart moved to Weimar in early 1858 to continue her keyboard training with Liszt, where she not only wrote fugues, but also sets of variations, toccatas, and a sonata. Most of Bronsart's energies during the early 1890s were devoted to preparing her serious opera, Hiarne, described by some as the first opera by woman composer produced for the stage. Unfortunately, according to a letter from1902, much of the early piano music and more than thirty songs were never published.